Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Interim Financial Information
Our interim financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q in accordance with Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, certain disclosures accompanying annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP are omitted. In the opinion of our management, all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring accruals) necessary for the fair statement of financial statements for the interim period have been included. The interim financial statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 19, 2020 (the “Form 10-K”). The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for other interim periods or for the full fiscal year.

Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, including the impact of extraordinary events, such as the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic, the results of which form the basis for making certain judgments. Actual results may materially differ from these estimates.
Impairment of Real Estate Assets
We account for the impairment of our tangible and identifiable intangible real estate assets in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360, “Property, Plant, and Equipment” (“ASC 360”), which requires us to periodically review the carrying value of each property to determine whether indicators of impairment exist. If circumstances support the possibility of impairment, we prepare a projection of the total undiscounted future cash flows of the specific property (without interest charges), including proceeds from disposition, and compare them to the net book value of the property to determine whether the carrying value of the property is recoverable. If the carrying amount is more than the aggregate undiscounted future cash flows, we would recognize an impairment loss to the extent the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the property.
We evaluate our entire portfolio each quarter for any impairment indicators and perform an impairment analysis on those select properties that have an indication of impairment. As of June 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019, we concluded that none of our properties were impaired. There have been no impairments recognized on our real estate assets since our inception.
Income Taxes
We have operated and intend to continue to operate in a manner that will allow us to qualify as a REIT under the Sections 856-860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). As a REIT, we generally are not subject to federal corporate income taxes on amounts that we distribute to our stockholders (except income from any foreclosure property), provided that, on an annual basis, we distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (excluding net capital gains) to our stockholders and meet certain other conditions. As such, in general, as long as we qualify as a REIT, no provision for federal income taxes will be necessary, except for taxes on undistributed REIT taxable income and taxes on the income generated by a TRS (such as Land Advisers), if any. For the tax year ended December 31, 2019 and for the six months ended June 30, 2020, we did not have any undistributed REIT taxable income, nor was there any taxable income or loss from Land Advisers. Should we have any taxable income or loss in the future, we will account for any income taxes in accordance with the provisions of ASC 740, “Income Taxes,” using the asset and liability method.
Certain information on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2019, has been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on previously-reported stockholders’ equity, net income, or net change in cash and cash equivalents.
Recently-Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (“ASU 2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 requires more timely recognition of credit losses on loans and other financial instruments that are not accounted for at fair market value through net income. The standard also requires that financial assets measured at amortized cost be presented at the net amount anticipated to be collected via an allowance for credit losses that is deducted from the amortized cost basis. Pursuant to ASU 2016-13, we are required to measure all expected credit losses based upon historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable (and supportable) forecasts that affect the collectability of the financial asset. We adopted ASU 2016-13 beginning with the three months ended March 31, 2020, which has not had a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848)” (“ASU 2020-04”). The main provisions of this update provide optional expedients and exceptions for contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference the London Inter-bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform. ASU 2020-04 is effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020. We adopted ASU 2020-04 beginning with the three months ended March 31, 2020, which has not resulted in a material impact to our consolidated financial statements, as ASU 2020-04 allows for prospective application of any changes in the effective interest rate for LIBOR-based debt and also provides for practical expedients that will allow us to continue to treat our derivative instruments designed as cash flow hedges consistent to how they are accounted for now.
In April 2020, the FASB issued a staff question-and-answer document, “Topic 842 and Topic 840: Accounting for Lease Concessions Related to the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic” (the “COVID-19 Q&A”), to address certain frequently-asked questions pertaining to lease concessions arising from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Existing lease guidance requires entities to determine if a lease concession was a result of a new arrangement reached with the tenant (which would be addressed under the lease modification accounting framework) or if a lease concession was under the enforceable rights and obligations within the existing lease agreement (which would not fall under the lease modification accounting framework). The COVID-19 Q&A clarifies that entities may elect to not evaluate whether lease-related relief granted in light of the effects of COVID-19 is a lease modification, provided that the concession does not result in a substantial increase in rights of the lessor
or obligations of the lessee. This election is available for concessions that result in the total payments required by the modified contract being substantially the same as or less than the total payments required by the original contract. In July 2020, we granted rent deferrals to two tenants who owed aggregate rents of approximately $343,000, which was originally scheduled to be paid on July 1, 2020. The agreements with these tenants provide for extensions of up to 123 days, extending the new due dates for these rental payments to be on or before November 1, 2020. We anticipate electing to not evaluate these lease amendments under the lease modification accounting framework.