|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Borrowings||BORROWINGSWe generally borrow at a rate of 60% of the value of the underlying agricultural real estate, and, except as noted below, the amounts borrowed are not generally guaranteed by the Company. Our borrowings as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 are summarized below (dollars in thousands):
(1)Where applicable, stated interest rates are before interest patronage (as described below).
(2)Notes were fixed subsequent to December 31, 2020; see Note 11, “Subsequent Events.”
As of December 31, 2020, the above borrowings were collateralized by certain of our farms with an aggregate net book value of approximately $1.04 billion. The weighted-average interest rate charged on the above borrowings (excluding the impact of debt issuance costs and before any interest patronage, or refunded interest) was 3.95% for each of the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. In addition, 2019 interest patronage from our Farm Credit Notes Payable (as defined below), which we received and recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2020, resulted in a 20.4% reduction (approximately 98 basis points) to the stated interest rates on such borrowings. See below under “—Farm Credit Notes Payables—Interest Patronage” for further discussion on interest patronage.
Our loan agreements generally contain various affirmative and negative covenants, including with respect to liens, indebtedness, mergers, and asset sales, and customary events of default. These agreements may also require that we satisfy certain financial covenants at the end of each calendar quarter or year. Some of these financial covenants include, but are not limited to, staying below a maximum leverage ratio and maintaining a minimum net worth value, rental-revenue-to-debt ratio, current ratio, and fixed charge coverage ratio. As of December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all covenants applicable to the above borrowings.
As of December 31, 2019, our facility with Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (“MetLife”) consisted of a total of $200.0 million of term notes (the “Prior MetLife Term Notes”) and $75.0 million of revolving equity lines of credit (the “MetLife Lines of Credit,” and together with the Prior MetLife Term Notes, the “Prior MetLife Facility”). The draw period for the Prior MetLife Term Notes expired on December 31, 2019, with approximately $21.5 million being left undrawn, and MetLife had no obligation to disburse the remaining funds under those notes.
On February 20, 2020, we entered into an agreement with MetLife to remove the MetLife Lines of Credit from the Prior MetLife Facility and create a new credit facility consisting of a new $75.0 million long-term note payable (the “New MetLife Term Note”) and the MetLife Lines of Credit (collectively, the “New MetLife Facility”).
The following table summarizes the pertinent terms of the New MetLife Facility as of December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands, except for footnotes):
(1)If the aggregate commitment under the New MetLife Term Note is not fully utilized by December 31, 2022, MetLife has the option to be relieved of its obligation to disburse the additional funds under the New MetLife Term Note.
(2)Interest rates on future disbursements under the New MetLife Term Note will be based on prevailing market rates at the time of such disbursements. In addition, through December 31, 2022, the New MetLife Term Note is also subject to an unused fee ranging from 0.10% to 0.20% on undrawn amounts (based on the balance drawn under the New MetLife Term Note).
(3)Based on the properties that were pledged as collateral under the MetLife Facility, as of December 31, 2020, the maximum additional amount we could draw under the facility was approximately $24.2 million.
(4)The interest rate on the MetLife Lines of Credit is subject to a minimum annualized rate of 2.50%, plus an unused fee ranging from 0.10% to 0.20% on undrawn amounts (based on the balance drawn under each line of credit).
Under the MetLife Facility, we are generally allowed to borrow up to 60% of the aggregate of the lower of cost or the appraised value of the pool of agricultural real estate pledged as collateral. Amounts owed to MetLife under the agreement are guaranteed by us and each subsidiary of ours that owns a property pledged as collateral pursuant to the loan documents.
Farm Credit Notes Payable
From time to time since September 2014 through December 31, 2020, we, through certain subsidiaries of our Operating Partnership, have entered into various loan agreements (collectively, the “Farm Credit Notes Payable”) with 11 different Farm Credit associations (collectively, “Farm Credit”). During the year ended December 31, 2020, we entered into the following loan agreements with Farm Credit (dollars in thousands):
(1)Stated rate is before interest patronage, as described below.
(2)Loan was fixed subsequent to December 31, 2020; see Note 11, “Subsequent Events—Financing Activity—Borrowing Activity—Fixed Rate Conversions.”
Certain amounts owed under the Farm Credit Notes Payable, limited to 12 months of principal and interest due under certain of the loans, are guaranteed by us pursuant to the respective loan documents.
Interest patronage, or refunded interest, on our borrowings from Farm Credit is generally recorded upon receipt and is included within Other income on our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income. Receipt of interest patronage typically occurs in the first half of the calendar year following the calendar year in which the respective interest payments are made. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we recorded interest patronage of approximately $1.3 million related to interest accrued on loans from Farm Credit during the year ended December 31, 2019, which resulted in a 20.4% reduction (approximately 98 basis points) to the stated interest rates on such borrowings. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, we also received approximately $306,000 of additional interest patronage related to our Farm Credit Notes Payable, as certain Farm Credit associations prepaid a portion of the 2020 interest patronage (which relates to interest accrued during 2020 but is typically received in 2021).
Farmer Mac Facility
On December 5, 2014, we, through certain subsidiaries of our Operating Partnership, entered into a bond purchase agreement (the “Bond Purchase Agreement”) with Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation (“Farmer Mac”) and Farmer Mac Mortgage Securities Corporation (the “Bond Purchaser”), for a secured note purchase facility. As subsequently amended, the Bond Purchase Agreement provided for bond issuances up to an aggregate amount of $125.0 million (the “Prior Farmer Mac Facility”) through December 11, 2018, after which date the Bond Purchaser had the option to continue buying new bonds issued under the Farmer Mac Facility.
On December 10, 2020, we entered into an amended and restated bond purchase agreement (the “Amended and Restated Bond Purchase Agreement”) with Farmer Mac and the Bond Purchaser, increasing the secured note purchase facility to provide for bond issuances up to an aggregate principal amount of $225.0 million (the “New Farmer Mac Facility”). In addition, the Amended and Restated Bond Purchase Agreement extended the date up to which we can issue new bonds to May 31, 2023 and
final maturity date for bonds issued under the Farmer Mac Facility to December 31, 2030. The Amended and Restated Bond Purchase Agreement also included certain adjustments to the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio definition and the Fixed Charge Ratio Covenant. All other terms of the Bond Purchase Agreement remained the same.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, we amended and restated three bonds totaling approximately $22.0 million that were previously issued under the Prior Farmer Mac Facility and were originally scheduled to mature on December 11, 2019, and January 6, 2020, respectively. The pertinent terms of the three amended and restated bonds are summarized in the table below (dollars in thousands):
No prepayment penalties were incurred in connection with these amendments, and all other material items of the amended and restated bonds remained unchanged.
Pursuant to the Bond Purchase Agreement, bonds issued by us to the Bond Purchaser will be secured by a security interest in loans originated by us (pursuant to a pledge and security agreement), which, in turn, will be collateralized by first liens on agricultural real estate owned by subsidiaries of ours. The bonds issued generally have a maximum aggregate, effective loan-to-value ratio of 60% of the underlying agricultural real estate, after giving effect to certain overcollateralization obligations.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, we entered into loan agreements with various other lenders, the terms of which are summarized in the following table (dollars in thousands):
(1) Subsequent to December 31, 2020, we entered into fixed interest rate swap agreements for each of these loans. See Note 11, “Subsequent Events—Financing Activity—Borrowing Activity—Fixed Rate Conversions,” for additional information on these swap agreements.
Debt Service – Aggregate Maturities
Scheduled principal payments of our aggregate notes and bonds payable as of December 31, 2020, for the succeeding years are as follows (dollars in thousands):
ASC 820 provides a definition of fair value that focuses on the exchange (exit) price of an asset or liability in the principal, or most advantageous, market and prioritizes the use of market-based inputs to the valuation. ASC 820-10, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. The three levels are defined as follows:
•Level 1 — inputs that are based upon quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
•Level 2 — inputs are based upon quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active or inactive markets or model-based valuation techniques, for which all significant inputs are observable in the market or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and
•Level 3 — inputs are generally unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement. These unobservable inputs are generally supported by little or no market activity and are based upon management’s estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
As of December 31, 2020, the aggregate fair value of our notes and bonds payable was approximately $628.3 million, as compared to an aggregate carrying value (excluding unamortized related debt issuance costs) of approximately $627.6 million. The fair value of our long-term, fixed-rate notes and bonds payable is valued using Level 3 inputs under the hierarchy established by ASC 820-10 and is determined by a discounted cash flow analysis, using discount rates based on management’s estimates of market interest rates on long-term debt with comparable terms. Further, due to the revolving nature and variable interest rates applicable to the MetLife Lines of Credit, their aggregate fair value as of December 31, 2020, is deemed to approximate their aggregate carrying value of $100,000.
Interest Rate Swap Agreements
In order to hedge our exposure to variable interest rates, we have entered into various interest rate swap agreements in connection with certain of our mortgage financings. In accordance with these swap agreements, we will pay our counterparty a fixed interest rate on a quarterly basis and receive payments from our counterparty equivalent to the respective stipulated floating rates. We have adopted the fair value measurement provision for these financial instruments, and the aggregate fair value of our interest rate swap agreements is recorded in Other assets, net or Other liabilities, net, as appropriate, on our accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. Generally, in the absence of observable market data, we will estimate the fair values of our interest rate swaps using estimates of certain data points, including estimated remaining life, counterparty credit risk, current market yield, and interest rate spreads of similar securities as of the measurement date. As of December 31, 2020, our interest rate swaps were valued using Level 2 inputs.
In addition, we have designated our interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges, and we record changes in the fair values of the interest rate swap agreements to accumulated other comprehensive income on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. We record changes in fair value on a quarterly basis, using current market valuations at quarter end. The following table summarizes our interest rate swaps as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands):
The following table presents the amount of loss recognized in comprehensive income within our consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands):
The following table summarizes certain information regarding our derivative instruments as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands):
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef